Fontainebleau 3D models


  1. Fontainebleau 3D models>
    . Permeability description by characteristic length, tortuosity, constriction and porosity. Transport in porous media 103 (3), 381-400. .

    Abstract — In this article we investigate the permeability of a porous medium as given in Darcy’s law. The permeability is described by an effective hydraulic pore radius in the porous medium, the fluctuation in local hydraulic pore radii, the length of streamlines, and the fractional volume conducting flow. The effective hydraulic pore radius is related to a characteristic hydraulic length, the fluctuation in local hydraulic radii is related to a constriction factor, the length of streamlines is characterized by a tortuosity, and the fractional volume conducting flow from inlet to outlet is described by an effective porosity. The characteristic length, the constriction factor, the tortuosity, and the effective porosity are thus intrinsic descriptors of the pore structure relative to direction. We show that the combined effect of our pore structure description fully describes the permeability of a porous medium. The theory is applied to idealized porous media, where it reproduces Darcy’s law for fluid flow derived from the Hagen–Poiseuille equation. We also apply this theory to full network models of Fontainebleau sandstone, where we show how the pore structure and permeability correlate with porosity for such natural porous media. This work establishes how the permeability can be related to porosity, in the sense of Kozeny–Carman, through fundamental and well-defined pore structure parameters: characteristic length, constriction, and tortuosity.

  2. Fontainebleau 3D models>
    . Fundamental Transport Property Relations in Porous Media Incorporating Detailed Pore Structure Description. Transport in Porous Media 112 (2), 467-487. .
    • 10.1007/s11242-016-0661-7

    Abstract — In this article, we present fundamental transport property relations incorporating direct descriptors of the pore structure. The pore structure descriptors are defined from streamline decomposition of the numerical solutions of the transport equations. These descriptors have been introduced earlier, while the calculations are extended to voxel-based microstructures in this article. The pore structure descriptors for the respective transport equations are used in turn to obtain rigorous cross-property relations for porous media. We derive such cross-property relations exemplarily for computed tomography (CT) data and digital rock models of Fontainebleau sandstone, and CT data of two reservoir sandstone facies. Pore structure parameterizations of these porous media are given for electrical conductance and fluid permeability in the microstructure, yielding correlations for the transport property-dependent descriptors of effective porosity, tortuosity and constriction. These relations are shown to be well-correlated functions over the range of sample porosities for the Fontainebleau sandstone. Differences between the outcrop Fontainebleau sandstone and the reservoir samples are observed mainly in the derived hydraulic length descriptor. A quantitative treatment of the obtained cross-property functions is provided that could be applied for porous medium characterization. It is suggested that such cross-property investigation honoring the detailed microstructure will lead to more fundamental relations between porous medium properties, which could be exploited for example in rock typing or wire-line log interpretation.